Travel Clinic Sydney CBD, Don’t risk it – it is common for travellers to become ill while overseas. This risk can be reduced by getting the appropriate advice and vaccinations and should be started at least 6 weeks before departure. Our doctors provide expert advice about health risks at your destination, including vaccines you may need and medications you need to take, as well as ways of preventing specific diseases.
Malaria is an infection caused by protozoan (aka super tiny) parasites called plasmodia. So far, there are 4 known types of plasmodium parasites that commonly cause malaria in human: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. There other parasites that cause malaria in human, but these are rare cases.
Is Malaria life-threatening?
Malaria can be life-threatening as a result of complications arising from infection of P. falciparum. This happens as the parasite infects a person’s red blood cells, these infected cells stick to the walls of blood vessels. Eventually, the blood vessels become blocked, resulting in a stop of blood supply to vital organs, including the heart and the brain. The person may die without treatment.
Each year malaria causes more than one million deaths worldwide. Malaria is the most common cause of fever in returned travellers. In Australia alone, malarial cases has been increased in the past few years due to increased travel to endemic regions.
How do I contract Malaria? How is Malaria spread?
The malarial parasites are transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female anopheles mosquito. They are transferred from one person to another by a mosquito bite. Yes, those pesky mosquitos are responsible for the spread of the malarial parasites.
The good news? Malaria is not contagious. You can’t catch it from everyday activities including hugging, kissing or any other physical contact with someone who has Malaria. But you can still catch Malaria from someone through blood transfusions or organ transplants.
Malaria is a common problem in areas of Asia, Africa as well as Central and South America. So, if you are travelling to these areas, you need to take precautions.
Ok, what can I do to prevent it?
Malaria can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites and taking anti-malarial medication. Travellers who travel to malarial prone areas should avoid outdoor activities around dusk and dawn when mosquito are most effective, use mosquito repellents on exposed skin, sleep in screened rooms or mosquito nets which are treated with repellents or insecticides.
Before leaving for an area where malaria is a risk, visit your doctor. Normally, antimalarial medications are taken few days before the travel and continued for one to four weeks after the traveller’s returns.
How do I know if I have Malaria? What are symptoms?
Initially, there are usually no symptoms. The first symptoms are usually fever, headache and chills, which are often mild and resembles a common cold, thus difficult to detect as Malaria.
In about one to four weeks after the initial infection (i.e. the mosquito bite), the following symptoms usually develops:
Malaria is treated with certain types of prescribed medication. There are different types of anti-malarial medications; the length and type depend on which type of malaria is diagnosed.
We can help with providing travel health advice’s
If you suspect that you have Malaria or any other medical services for those travelling overseas, you must immediately contact Travel Clinic Sydney CBD, we provide specialist advice on travel health; contact us by calling (02) 8188 2299 or SMS 0413 163 360 or BOOK ONLINE. Our Travel Doctor have over 30 years experience and operate on a confidential basis.
Typhoid is an infection caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It is rare in Australia, most of the cases in Australia occurs in the travellers returning from the countries where it is common.
Where it is common?
It is common in those part of the world where there are poor hygiene and sanitation conditions. It has high prevalence in Asia, Africa and South America.
How it is transmitted?
Bacteria is present in faeces and sometimes in urine of an infected person. Due to poor hygiene and sanitation problems food and drinking water gets contaminated by faeces and urine. Flies can also transfer the bacteria in the food.
What are the symptoms?
Fatigue and tiredness
Lack of appetite
Constipation (diarrhea can also occur)
Complications can occur if it not treated. The time frame from the contact with the bacteria to the start of the symptoms (incubation period) is usually 8 to 16 days.
What is the prevention?
People who travel to the areas where typhoid is widespread are at highest risk of developing it. They should take some precautionary measures.
Wash hands with soap before eating and after visiting toilet
Avoid street foods
Avoid uncook food including fruits and vegetables unless you can peel them yourself
Drink boiled or bottled water
Avoid unpasteurised milk and dairy products
Vaccination o Vaccination plays very important role in the prevention of this disease. Along with vaccination, strict hygiene and protective measures should be taken.
How it is treatment?
Antibiotics are required to treat the infection. After 2-3 days of the treatment people generally start feeling better. Resistance to these antibiotics is increasing, so it is important to protect yourself from this disease.
Where to get vaccination?
If you suspect that you have Typhoid or any other medical services for those travelling overseas, you must immediately contact ARYS HEALTH, we provide specialist advice on travel health; contact us by calling (02) 8188 2299 or SMS 0413 163 360 or BOOK ONLINE. Our Travel Doctor have over 30 years experience and operate on a confidential basis.
Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver caused by a virus. Hepatitis A is a common problem in developing countries. In Australia, most cases are observed in people returning from travel from high risk countries.
How is it transmitted?
Hepatitis A is often transmitted through poor hygiene and contaminated food. The Hepatitis A virus is present in the faeces of infected persons; as such, it can be spread sexually by oral or anal contact. It is rarely transmitted by blood transfusion (although possible).
I had just returned from South East Asia. How do I know I contracted Hepatitis A? What are the symptoms?
It usually takes 28-30 days from contact with the virus until a person starts showing symptoms (incubation period). Hepatitis A sufferers usually experience the following symptoms:
Loss of appetite
Generalised aches and pains
Dark urine and pale faeces
Yellow eyes and skin
What is the treatment?
This is not exactly what you want to hear: there is no specific treatment. In most cases, patients usually get better within few weeks. Some people have symptoms for up to 4 – 6 months.
What can I do to prevent it?
You need to observe high hygiene standards by washing your hands properly, particularly after going to toilet, before eating and preparing food.
You’ll also need to stay away from people with Hepatitis A. People with hepatitis A should take rest and should not go to work or school until they are no longer infectious.
The best way to prevent hepatitis A is vaccination. There are two doses of vaccination. If you are travelling countries where hepatitis A is a common problem, we recommend getting both shots before your departure.
Where can I get the travel vaccinations?
Arys Health Centre provide specialist advice on travel health and medical services for those travelling overseas. Call us at 02 8188 2299 to book an appointment and tell us which countries you are travelling to so we can help you get the right vaccinations.